(Basic events that happened during the space race)
Timeline of space exploration
October 4- USSR launches Sputnik
November 3- USSR launches Sputnik 2 which carried a small dog named Laika into orbit.
January 31-explorer 1, the first American satellite to reach orbit, is launched. It carried scientific equipment that lead to the discovery of the van Allen radiation belt.
March 5- explorer 2 is launched but it fails to reach orbit
March 17- the vanguard 1 satellite is launched. It continues to function for 3 years.
May 15- Sputnik 3 is launched
Oct 1- the national aeronautics and space administration (nasa) is formed, it replaces the natal advisory committee on aeronautics (naca)
October 11- pioneer 1 is launched to a height of 70,700 miles
January 2- Luna 1 is launched by the USSR. It is the first man made object to orbit the sun.
March 3- pioneer 4 is launched on a earth-moon trajectory. It passed within 37000 miles of the moon before falling into a solar orbit
April 2- the “Mercury seven” astronauts are selected by nasa
September 12- Luna 2 is launched. It impacts the moon on September 13, becoming the first man made object to do so.
October 4- Luna 3 orbits the moon and photographs 70% of its surface
April 1- trios, the first successful weathe satellite, is launched
August 18- the U.S. Launches discoverer xiv, it’s first ca real equipped spy satellite
November 8- John f Kennedy is elected the 35th president of the United States
April 12- yuri gagarin orbits the earth once and becomes the first man in space.
May 5- Alan b Shepard becomes the first American in space
May 25- president John f Kennedy addresses congress and challenges the nation to go to the moon before the end of the decade.
July 21- Gus Grissom is launched on a sub-orbital flight. His liberty-bell capsule is cost wen it fills with water and sinks after splashdown.
August 6- gherman titov spends a day in space aboard Vostok 2.
December 7- nasa announced the Gemini program